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Truls Ostbye



Professor Ostbye is Vice Chair (Research) in the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health at Duke University. He is a chronic disease epidemiologist and public health researcher with a special interest in obesity and diseases of the elderly. He has led various health and longitudinal studies on chronic diseases across populations including those Pacific Islanders in New Zealand and elderly Canadians (Canadian Study of Health and Aging) as well as numerous global health projects in Sri Lanka.

In Singapore, his current research includes studies of health and lifestyles of the elderly, physical, mental and social facets of caregiving as well as studies of disease prevention in both the clinical setting and the community.

1. Keys to Healthy Family Child Care Homes: Results From a Cluster Randomized Trial
DS Ward et al. Prev Med 132, 105974. Mar 2020. PMID 31899253.
Early care and education settings, such as family child care homes (FCCHs), are important venues for children's health promotion. Keys to Healthy Family Child Care Homes …
2. Prevalence and Risk Factors for Postpartum Depression in Sri Lanka: A Population-Based Study
Q Fan et al. Asian J Psychiatr 47, 101855. 2019. PMID 31733601.
The prevalence of PPD in Sri Lanka was 15.5% at 10 days and 7.8% at 4 weeks postpartum. Future studies on the effect of time since delivery on postpartum depression scree …
3. Effects of Mental Health Paraprofessional Training for Filipina Foreign Domestic Workers in Singapore
MHM Wong et al. J Immigr Minor Health. 2019. PMID 31183593.
Research has found that 24% of foreign domestic workers (FDWs) in Singapore have poor mental health (24%), with depressive symptoms being identified as the second most se …
4. Generativity Among Elderly in a Rural Area of Maharashtra, India: Correlates and Relationship With Quality of Life Approved
T Østbye et al. Asia Pac J Public Health 30 (3), 276-285. Apr 2018. PMID 29865862.
Generativity, "a concern for others and a need to contribute something to the next generation," is a dimension of successful aging in and of itself, but also predicts oth …
5.Inclination Towards Research and the Pursuit of a Research Career Among Medical Students: An International Cohort Study
TC Ha et al. BMC Med Educ 18 (1), 86. 2018. PMID 29716587.
Most medical students did not experience changes in their inclination towards research or pursuing a research career over the course of their medical schooling. Factors t …
6. The Effect of Telemedicine Follow-up Care on Diabetes-Related Foot Ulcers: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Noninferiority Trial
H Smith-Strøm et al. Diabetes Care 41 (1), 96-103. Jan 2018. PMID 29187423.
The results suggest that use of TM technology can be a relevant alternative and supplement to usual care, at least for patients with more superficial ulcers.
7. Prevalence and Correlates of Leprosy in a High-Risk Community Setting in Sri Lanka
TM Dabrera et al. Asia Pac J Public Health 28 (7), 586-591. Oct 2016. PMID 27605468.
Leprosy is caused by the Mycobacterium leprae bacillus. Pockets of high endemicity remain in a number of countries including Sri Lanka, in spite of the fact that eliminat …
8.Occupational Risk Factors for Low Back Pain Among Drivers of Three-Wheelers in Sri Lanka
M Noda et al. Int J Occup Environ Health 21 (3), 216-24. Jul-Sep 2015. PMID 25133353.
LBP is common among drivers of three-wheelers in Sri Lanka. Long work hours and two-stroke engines were significantly associated with LBP. Results from this study point t …
9. The Effect of the Home Environment on Physical Activity and Dietary Intake in Preschool Children
T Østbye et al. Int J Obes (Lond) 37 (10), 1314-21. Oct 2013. PMID 23736357.
To promote MVPA, parental policies supporting child PA are warranted. Limited access to unhealthy foods and role modeling of healthy eating may improve the quality of the …
10.Does Support From Foreign Domestic Workers Decrease the Negative Impact of Informal Caregiving? Results From Singapore Survey on Informal Caregiving
T Østbye et al. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 68 (4), 609-21. Jul 2013. PMID 23723433.
FDW instrumental support, reported for 50% of the OPs, moderated the direct association of OP physical impairment with disturbed schedule and poor health (p = .009), OP m …